Sharjah

Information

Type of the vacation

Family, Beach and Cultural

Population

890,669 as of 2014

Area size

2590 sq. km

Sharjah is the capital of the emirate of Sharjah. Sharjah shares legal, political, military and economic functions with the other emirates of the UAE within a federal framework, although each emirate has jurisdiction over some functions such as civil law enforcement and provision and upkeep of local facilities. Sharjah has been ruled by the Al Qasimi dynasty since the 18th century.

The city is a centre for culture and industry, and alone contributes 7.4% of the GDP of the United Arab Emirates. The city covers an approximate area of 235 km² and has a population of over 800,000 (2008). The sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited in the emirate of Sharjah without possession of an alcohol licence and alcohol is not served in Sharjah hotels, restaurants or other outlets due to the Muslim majority in the area. This has helped Sharjah increase the number of Islamic tourists who visit the country. Sharjah has been officially named as a WHO healthy city.

Local Currency

The local currency is the dirham, which is pegged at AED 3.67 to 1 US dollar.

Rulers of Sharjah

H. Sheikh Dr. Of Muhammad bin directory of Al Sultan is Qasimi is the 18 th   Ruler of the Emirate of The Sharjah in a chain of of Al Qasimi Rulers since 1600 AD. He has been at the forefront of the emirate’s cultural, economic and social development and played a significant role in promoting cultural interaction and dialogue among nations at all levels, local and international. His Highness grew up with a deep- rooted love for his country and was able to expand his knowledge through broad education. He completed his higher education at the College of Agriculture at Cairo University. Made the He  key Initiatives  AT the local, as with as with a well, the AT international level.HH is a Founding Member of the of the Companion of The Benefactors of Guild of the Cambridge, the Cambridge University then. He is also a Founding Member of the University of Exeter’s College of Benefactors, Exeter University.
Due to his cultural achievements, Sharjah is crowned with prestigious titles:

the Cultural Capital of the Arab World in 1998
the Islamic Culture Capital for 2014
the Arab Tourism Capital for 2015.

History of Sharjah

The first evidence of human life in the UAE was discovered on Jebel Fayah in Sharjah Emirate, dating back to 85,000 BC.  In 1490 AD, Sharjah was mentioned in the records of the famous Arab navigator, Ahmad Ibn Majid, as he navigated the Gulf’s waters. Some of the most significant historical discoveries in Sharjah  were found  in  Mleiha, Kalba, Tell Abraq, Dibba and Jebel al-Bhuhais.  Many of the archaeological items date back to the Stone Age or later. Sharjah was one of the wealthiest towns in the region. It was a vital  port on the lower Arabian Gulf from the time of the early trading with the East into the first half of the 19th century.The Al Qawasim tribe has been ruling Sharjah since 1760. Alongside fishing and trading, pearling was a primary income until the late 1940s. Since the discovery of oil in 1972, Sharjah has developed from small palm-frond houses to a contemporary city that extends all the way to the UAE’s east coast.Sharjah has kept the spirit of its history alive by incorporating tradition into every aspect of contemporary development.

Sharjah includes major cities of different features such as:

Khorfakkan City

It is the largest town on the east coast, located midway between Dibba Al Hisn and Fujairah and featured with an expanding container terminal and port.

Kalba

It maintains a historical charm  and known for its old forts and attractive area  for bird watching, kayaking and hiking trips .

Dibba

It is a set of three seaside villages belonging to the Sultanate of Oman (Dibba Bayah), Fujairah (Dibba Muhallab) and in between the two, Sharjah (Dibba Al Hisn). Dibba was the site of one of the great battles of the Ridda Wars, the battle site of 633 when over 10,000 rebels died. At Dibba, the mountains rise 2,000 metres into the Mussandam Peninsula. This is a superb area for hiking trips and following nature trails.

Al Dhaid

It is the third largest town in Sharjah and a main producer of fruit and vegetables sold in the UAE, especially strawberries, dates, limes, guava and mangoes.

ABadayerl

Located in Al Madam, it is one of the most popular desert areas in the emirate of Sharjah, attracting visitors for camping sites, desert drives and off-road bikers.

 Nature and environment

The emirate has large desert regions, with some agricultural areas. Its islands include Sir Bu Nuair and Abu Musa. It is rich with beaches, marshes and acacia forests.

Sharjah is a home to the largest number of natural reserves in the UAE.

Economy

 Sharjah has a diversified economy and a solid infrastructure. It has 19 industrial areas that contribute to more than 48% of the UAE’s gross industrial output. In 2003, Sharjah had the first low cost airline in the Middle East (Air Arabia). It maintains 3 ports with a total area of  49,588,000 square meters. Sharjah has two free zones with a total area of 28 million square meters; SAIF Zone and  Hamriyah Free Zone.  It also hosts Expo Centre Sharjah, which is one of the region’s most popular trade exhibition venues, with various B2B and B2C shows. Key contributors of the emirate’s economy are: gas, tourism, education, healthcare and logistics.

In 2014, GDP reached around AED 113.89 Billion

Major landmarks

Sharjah is a land of diversified architectural character and cultural wealth.

It is known for its various touristic sites, which include historical areas like Heart of Sharjah and modern sites like Al Qasba  and Al Majaz waterfront

An interesting attraction in Sharjah is a beautiful covered market, built in the Islamic style, where you can buy jewelery, souvenirs, crafts, antiques, collectibles, clothing and shoes. Very popular among residents and visitors enjoyed Kanat Al Qasba (Qanat Al Qasba) with the ferris wheel “Eye of the Emirates» (Eye of the Emirates), of the stalls which offer beautiful views of the lagoon and the quays Sharjah and Dubai in the neighboring skyscrapers. At Kasbah you can eat in the many cafes and restaurants to place in the shadow of the beautiful buildings on the banks of the canal, which connects the two lagoons, a ride on the lagoons and canals on a boat or just walk. You can walk to the waterfront beautiful Khaled Lagoon – Beheira Corniche, with its squares, parks, graceful mosque and the beautiful views. It is the second in the UAE musical fountain with laser illumination, which began work in 2012

Sharjah has a wonderful zoo (a separate article) and the Aquarium (a separate article). Recently in Sharjah we started the construction of new hotels (separate article). Shopping centers in Sharjah Sahara City Center, Mega Mall), Dubai inferior in scope and choice of products, but many products are cheaper in Sharjah, for example, souvenirs and handicrafts from different countries of the region.

Culture

Sharjah is not by chance called “smiling emirate”, its main feature is a friendly and welcoming atmosphere, where every traveler will feel a welcome guest. Before the trip, tourists have to get acquainted with the basic rules, which will allow a better understanding of the local culture and not get into an awkward situation.

Characteristics of the Emirates of Sharjah

Located on the shores of the Persian Gulf to the northeast of the capital – Abu Dhabi adjacent to Dubai and Ajman, forming an agglomeration. Over the past 20 years the city has grown in size, absorbing the suburban village. Now Sharjah covers an area of 235.5 square kilometers, industrial districts and suburbs stretch for several kilometers in the direction of the desert to the north and east. Center city is situated along the lagoon, where the recreational areas and parks.

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